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The Intermediate Guide to Commercial Roofing

The Intermediate Guide to Commercial Roofing is a helpful guide for designing and planning a roofing system for a commercial building. It covers the basics of roofing materials and provides a few suggestions for enhancements beyond the bare minimums required by code. Professional roof consultants and contractors should be consulted for technical details. This article is an essential foundation for design professionals with little experience.


When choosing a roofing material for a commercial building, you have several options. Steel is the most common type, and it is available in various shades and with a powder-coat finish to prevent rust. While metal roofing requires professional installation, it is also highly durable and low-maintenance, saving money on overhead business costs. Steel is also more resilient than aluminum and is not susceptible to deterioration or discoloration. In addition, unlike aluminum, it does not encourage moss growth and is fire-resistant.

If you are looking for a material for your commercial roof that is energy-efficient and affordable, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a good choice. It is a multilayer membrane that resists sunlight and retains temperatures below. It can be welded together for strength and durability. EPDM is made of various chemicals, which means that it will be resistant to the elements while offering excellent protection. EPDM sheets are used in areas that do not require a steep slope, such as parking lots.


When it comes to commercial roofing, you’re going to want to maintain it properly. You may contact commercial roofing lafayette la, for roofing needs. While there are several things that you can do on your own, hiring a roofing contractor is recommended because they’re trained and experienced in this type of work. Regular maintenance will help you get the most out of your roofing system and ensure that it’s working as well as possible. You should also be aware of any signs of damage or wear and tear, indicating that you should hire a professional.

When working with a commercial roofing expert, you’ll enjoy various benefits. First, you’ll get a full diagnostic report that outlines the findings from the finished inspection. This will help you determine the next steps in your commercial roofing maintenance plan.

There are two primary types of reports: those on roof management and those on roof maintenance. Each piece presents essential information. One provides an overview of the roofing system, while the other is more detailed.


The first step in a roofing project is selecting the appropriate type of roof. The best way to make informed decisions is to work with a roofing contractor. This guide will help you decide which kind of roof will suit your building’s needs. The roofing system provides information on roof assembly materials, including air and vapor retarders, insulation, and roof coverings. The details section of the outlines the different types of details for each component and discusses application criteria and warranties. It also discusses emerging issues and relevant codes and standards. The guide also includes additional resources. Depending on the type of commercial roofing you have, it  may be sufficient for your project, or you may want to enlist the services of a professional contractor or consultant to address specific aspects of your project.

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Types of CBD Solventless Extraction Methods

In a solventless extraction system, oils and other materials are extracted from marijuana residues into ethanol without chemical solvents. The process requires an oven so that the THC can vaporize before ever touching a chemical compound. However, when you choose a solventless extraction method, there are many options. This post highlights the different types of methods you can deploy in your system, how they work, and which ones are preferable.


Mechanical extraction is the most environmentally friendly approach to extracting CBD oil because it does not involve burning any plants or using chemicals such as hydrocarbons and alcohol. This method uses pressure to force plants through a filter or sieve and separate desired material from the plant matter that is filtered out during this process. Also, mechanical extraction is economical because it does not require expensive equipment or solvents and can be done at home with a shared kitchen appliance.

The main drawback of mechanical extraction is that the resulting CBD extract does not have exceptionally high levels of CBD. Most of the plant matter that remains in the oil after the oil has been filtered still contains a lot of CBD, but this material cannot be extracted and separated from the plant by simply filtering it out. Also, even if the resulting CBD extract has high levels of CBD, physically extracting and drying out the plant matter from the final extract can lead to the loss of some beneficial compounds to health.

Carbon dioxide extraction

The carbon dioxide (CO2) extraction method is a popular alternative to traditional heat-based CO2 extraction methods. For instance, in Los Angeles solventless method, CBD experts uses carbon dioxide or nitrogen to extract numerous compounds found in the cannabis plant with minor undesirable effects. The main drawback of carbon dioxide extraction is that it can take a long to extract all desired compounds from the plant matter. Also, the CO2 process tends to be much more expensive than heat-based extraction methods and requires more sophisticated equipment.

Rosin extraction

Rosin extraction is similar to mechanical extraction in that it involves using pressure to extract desired compounds from plants. The main difference between rosin extraction and mechanical extraction is that the rosin method does not use pressure to force plants through a filter or sieve; instead, the rosin technique uses high heat and pressure to convert the plant material directly into a sticky substance called “rosin.” This ‘rosin’ can be easily separated from non-desirable plant matter and extracted into oil or other desired products.

At the same time, rosin extraction can result in lower-quality CBD extract than mechanical extraction due to the higher temperatures involved. Also, rosin extraction typically involves using solvents such as butane or hexane and hydrocarbons such as propane or ethanol to produce commercial-grade rosin products. These solvents may damage some of the plant’s beneficial compounds and introduce potentially harmful by-products into the final product.

The new and improved solventless extraction methods such as rosin, carbon dioxide extraction, and mechanical use heat, pressure, and time to extrude cannabinoids from industrial hemp. Unlike other methods for extracting CBD, there is no need for dangerous chemicals or solvents.

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Retaining Walls 101

Retaining walls can be a necessary addition to your home landscaping to help create a level surface within your yard. Whether it is to help prevent erosion or to increase the aesthetic appeal of elevated yard features, retaining walls can offer effective solutions.

What is a Retaining Wall?

A retaining wall is a wall that allows soil levels to differ on each side of the structure. Typically, you will find retaining walls along a hillside to help maintain the slope of the soil on one side, but provide the level ground on the opposing side of the wall.

While some retaining walls may be used for commercial purposes, residential retaining walls Memphis TN are popular solutions for homeowners as well.

Types of Retaining Walls

Gravity Retaining Walls

Gravity retaining walls are the simplest of the retaining walls options. These walls may be made of bricks, pavers or stones and function well because they are heavy enough to hold back the soil that is behind them.

Sheet Piling Retaining Walls

If you have relatively soft soil and you don’t need your wall to be too large, a sheet piling retaining wall will be the simplest option. If you do need a larger wall, you may use a sheet piling retaining wall along with additional reinforcement to create an anchored retaining wall.

Anchored Retaining Walls

Anchored retaining walls are typically used if the wall is taller than a few feet. These walls will be reinforced with cables or anchors to add extra security for keeping the wall in place. Using the cables/anchors, can help ensure the wall can withstand the pressure of the downward sloping soil.

Cantilevered Retaining Wall

The strongest of the retaining walls is the cantilevered retaining wall resulting from the steel bar reinforcement. These are typically the go-to choice for commercial retaining walls.

Retaining walls can be made of different materials depending on the functionality and appearance your yard requires so you may want to consider consulting a professional to find the best option for you.

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Taking a Look at the Cost of Home Repair

Taking a Look at the Cost of Home Repair

Most home repair work can be costly and time consuming. Yet, most people want to keep their homes in good shape and keep up with home improvements to increase the value of their property and place of residence. Some repair work must be done immediately in order to make sure that it isn’t becoming a dangerous place to live. With all of this, money becomes an important issue.

One reason why house repairs tend to be expensive is when contractor prices are used. These tend to be higher than when just paying for a service. There can be different rules attached to the hiring of a contractor, in terms of hours, overtime and other factors. This can make home remodeling far more costly than anticipated, so it is wise to ensure that contractor pricing will not be used when you arrange to have work done on your place of resident.

Even with a good budget and money available for home repair work, the cost can go much higher than first planned. Most home repair services will provide customers with an estimate. This is based upon them coming to your place of residence and finding out what you want done and then inspecting the home. The estimate gives you a range but it isn’t written in stone. The project may require added work to be done, which will drive up the cost.

Of course house repairs can end up being more expensive than originally thought if there are hidden fees worked into the contract. These are extra charges that are rarely openly discussed when the contract is arranged, and are only brought to light at the end of the project. This type of business dealing has given handyman home improvement services a bad name and has made many people wary about dealing with people in this industry.

To keep the cost of home repair work low, you can also do a lot of the work yourself. Some projects may be simpler than others, and a bit of research and some ability with tools will allow you to make many changes or improvements on your own. If you have to hire a handyman, then seek out a good referral from people that you trust. Be active during the estimate process, and carefully go over the contract. Monitor the actual work being done and you will not find yourself surprised at the final total.…

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After the Hurricane – Checking for Home Repair Possibilities

After the Hurricane – Checking for Home Repair Possibilities

Nature happens. If you live in an area that is highly susceptible to hurricanes and tropical storms, chances are you know the drill – you have your evacuation route planned, an emergency pantry in place, and plenty of strong tape and boards for windows and doors. After the storm hits, however, you should know to put a new plan into action and quickly assess any damage done. This means being watchful of possible repairs to make to walls and plumbing.

What To Look For After The Storm

Once the wind and rain has subsided, you need to inspect your home to ensure minor problems now don’t become more troublesome issues later. Broken windows and felled trees are easy to spot, but leaks in your pipes and malfunctioning HVAC systems can be more difficult to spot – even if those problems existed before the big storm, you must contact a contractor or repairman to handle replacements before the weather gets cold. Some things to look for in the aftermath of bad weather include:

1) Bugs: Heavy winds and standing water left after a storm can introduce all sorts of unwanted critters in your home. This is a good time to inspect the weatherstripping around the house and make sure the darker corners of your basement and attic are free of pests.

2) Pipe Leaks: If by chance a tree in your yard uprooted, you might experience problems with your pipe system as well. Watch the way water flows in your toilets and faucets, and look out for slow drains. A call to the plumber could be in order.

3) Mold: The chance that mold will grow inside your walls rises after a storm, especially if the foundation and structure were faulty to begin with. If you think you might have a problem, check it now before it effects your health.

Home repairs, while a seeming headache, won’t appear as bad if you tackle the problems quickly and efficiently. If your home weathers a hurricane, do your best to make sure it stands well in any season.…

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Helpful Tips on How to Hire An Electrician

Helpful Tips on How to Hire An Electrician

There are many reasons as to why you may be looking to hire an electrician for a particular job at this point in time. For starters, many businesses look to hire these workers at some point when they are in the process of expanding or even remodeling, although the same thing goes for home owners. When you are having a new home built, of course it is vital to make sure that the complicated wiring and electrical work is done correctly, which is one main reason as to why hiring an experienced contract electrician worker is a smart idea in these situations. They are also useful for simple remodeling work or expansions to connect an existing electrical system with a new one in a way that is safe.

However, when it comes to actually hiring one of these professionals, it can be difficult to know whether or not you are making the right choice. And of course, you do not want to choose the wrong electrician because this can lead to a lot of trouble and perhaps even danger in the long run. However, by following some basic tips, the process of hiring the right person for the job can be made a whole lot easier, and it will not be long before you are able to get the electrical work done in a timely and efficient matter at your home or business.

For starters, one thing that it is a good idea to do is to simply ask around to friends and neighbors to see if they have any recommendations when it comes to finding an electrician. Perhaps they have had similar work done in the past and would be able to tell you about a great experience they had with a particular worker or company, or maybe they could even give you an idea of companies to avoid. Either way, asking around cannot hurt. The same goes for reading reviews of local electricians online.

However, once you have an idea of some potential people for the job, the next step is to ensure that you meet with each prospect, interview them, and ask to see some kind of proof that they are certified for electrical work. If they cannot provide this documentation, you may be able to obtain it locally at your city hall or even with the company that they are working for if they are not independent. However, if you are not able to receive any proof of this certification, then it is probably best to look elsewhere to avoid legal problems in the future that could arise if the work is not done to your standards.

Once you have an idea of who you would like to hire for the job, be sure to have a contract written up that both parties sign so that you know how much you are expected to pay for the job and so that they know and agree to a time frame in which this work is expected to be done.

Keeping these tips in mind, you will be able to have your electrical work done right in no time.…

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Why Water Absorbent Materials Can Help You Avoid Becoming A Statistic

Why Water Absorbent Materials Can Help You Avoid Becoming A Statistic

They say that statistics can prove anything and this may be the case, but it does appear that the average homeowner is highly likely to fall victim to water damage at some stage. It is best to be prepared, as they say that it’s a matter of “when” and not “if.” In a typical home, with as many as four bathrooms, one for each bedroom, a network of pipes will connect. As our homes get older, these pipes can start to show some deterioration and you never know who one of those joints is likely to fail. This is the time to make sure that you have water absorbent materials in these vulnerable areas.

You can pinpoint areas most likely to become a problem with water leakage, by doing a little bit of investigation around your home. Underneath the sink, around your water tanks or water closets — all these are areas for concern. Fitting water absorbent materials in these areas will help you to avoid the worst damage, should anything catastrophic happened.

Your water heater tank is probably the area of most concern, should leakage occurred. There is, of course, a significant volume within this tank and it tends to be located in an elevated position. The force of gravity that helps your water circulate throughout your home can be your enemy if something breaks. Before you know it, anything in the immediate vicinity and beneath can be ruined.

If you place water absorbent materials made of super absorbent polypropylene around the base of your water tank and connections, you can get a period of advance warning. These materials can absorb an amazing moment of moisture and will help you to fend off much of the damage. Of course you should make sure that you check to see if everything is okay as regularly as you can.

When you live in one location for an extended period of time, you tend to understand the foibles of the home, places where problems will occur from time to time. For example, you might know that your basement is vulnerable to seepage during extended times of wet weather. Obviously, you don’t want to leave this unattended and should place some water absorbent materials in the right places to avoid the buildup of mold and mildew, over time.

If you feel that you have prepared as much as humanly possible for the risk of damage from man-made creations, such as a burst pipe or a leaking water tank, you should turn to defense against mother nature. Whenever a winter or summer storm threatens, the side of the house that faces the predominant direction of the wind is most at risk. Garage doors or patio doors seem to be the worst when it comes to letting in the rain.

In the 1950s, two Italians named Natta and Ziegler succeeded in creating the product we now know as polypropylene, which is one of the most significant inventions ever. This product is used in a huge variety of different commercial products, due to its dexterity. It is known as one of the most absorbent materials available and can be found in many products designed specifically to absorb water in and around the home.

The beauty about water absorbent materials composed of polypropylene is that they can be used again and again, so if you find yourself trying to repel the advances of storm driven rains around your home, you simply need to wring out the water into a nearby drain and continue your defense.…

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How To Find A Good Local Plumber

How To Find A Good Local Plumber

Inevitably when you own a house the time will come when the homeowner has to perform routine maintenance and repairs to keep the house functioning properly. Plumbing in particular is one area of the home that is prone to break downs and leaks. So what happens when your faucet springs a leak or your toilet starts running water and won’t stop? Well if you don’t know how to fix your own plumbing chances are you’re either going to be calling the first plumber you find in the phone book and that’s the worst thing you can do…

Before you hire a plumber you want to at least check a few things out but things get a little harder when you have an emergency on your hands and you have to hire a plumber in an instant. You know like when you have water pooling around your ankles… Unfortunately you don’t have a lot of time to hire a plumber when you’re facing an emergency. The first thing you should do is ask your friends, acquaintances and family members for recommendations of plumbers they’ve worked with in the past. If you have enough time, you can also check out the local home improvement stores and materials suppliers in the area for referrals. If you happen to know one a general contractor could help here as well. What you want to do is put together a quick list of about 3-5 plumbers that you can pre-qualify in a short amount of time.

Once you put together a list of about 3-5 plumbers you can start to seek out feedback and reviews from past customers. The internet makes finding this kind of information quite easily actually. You can begin by placing the name of a plumber into a Google search. You’re not actually looking for the plumber’s website; you’re actually looking for reviews and feedback from past users. You can search for reviews on feedback on websites like , and .

Another thing you definitely want to check is whether or not the plumbers have a license. A license from the state isn’t a guarantee that you’re going to get a good plumber but it is proof that the plumber has been finger-printed, had his background checked and passed a competency test. It’s easy to check for a license online but I recommend you actually call your local state licensing board so you can also ask about any complaints that have come in. If you’re really short on time you should at least check online to make sure the plumber you hire has a license.

The state licensing board is one of the first places a homeowner will call to complain about a bad experience with a plumber so it’s an excellent place to check. Another great place to check is with the Better Business Bureau and online you can check at . The point is if there are “bad apples” in the bunch of plumbers you put together you’ll want to weed them out and exclude them from your list of finalists.

Prior to hiring a plumber and if you have time you may want to ask if they have any references they could provide you with. This may not be necessary depending on how big your job is but it’s always a good idea to speak with past clients who can vouch for the plumber.…

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The Basic Home Repair Tool Kit – Part Three

The Basic Home Repair Tool Kit – Part Three

Hammers, Bars, Tapes, Squares and Levels

The home repair tool kit has undergone a transformation over the years. When I was younger, there were no power tools in my father’s vast array of tools. The brace-and-bit and folding wooden rule have gone. Now, everything needs to be plugged in or recharged. Not a bad thing at all, but not being a carpenter, like my father and his father before him, I wonder how mobile power tools make the professional carpenter.

However, the jobs to be done remain the same and the rule for buying tools remains the same, buy the best you can afford. So, let’s take a look at a few modern tools that would make up a very well-equipped set of tools.

Hammers: Carpenters make it look very easy to drive in large nails, but in fact, it is like most things, it takes a lot of practice to do it well. That is, without bending the nail or leaving dents in the surrounding timber from misses. The handle is the important part of a hammer, otherwise a rock would work just as well.

The handle increases the length of swing, amplifying the power of the swing. The heads come in different weights too. Most professionals will use a 20 ounce hammer, but a 16 ounce hammer is OK too.

Pro Tip: when withdrawing a nail, put a block under the hammer. Use the claw and pull on the block. It will increase your power and will not mark the timber.

Flat Bars: the flat bar is useful for light demolition. It is really handy for removing skirting boards and floor boards. Use a board to lever against so you don’t damage the surface your pushing against. You could slightly sharpen the ends of the bar with an angle grinder to make it easier to insert behind the boards.

Pro Tip: after removing boards, bend over or extract every nail to prevent injuries. Falling or stepping on rusty nails is a major hazard on building sites.

Tape Measures: most tapes in use in the industry are of the flexible, retractable type. They are sold by length. In the USA, they are still in feet and inches, whereas in Europe, one edge of the tape is in metric and the other in Imperial feet and inches. Most builders carry a five meter (15 foot) tape on their belt and a longer one in their bag or van. Try to measure from the I” mark, because the nd of an old tape becomes damages and may show more than an inch.

Pro Tip: mark the point you need with an arrow head or ‘V’. This is because if you have to make several marks and you come back later, you might not remember which end of the line is the mark, which can make a big difference if the line is not straight.

Combination Squares: this tool is unparalleled for checking square and marking straight cuts across timber. They often have a bubble in them too in order to make a rough check on level. A longer level is required for complete accuracy.

Levels: a bubble level is an essential tool for hanging shelves, doors etc. The longer the level the more accurate it is likely to be. A 2 foot level is minimum, a 3 foot level the norm. Make sure the bubble is precisely in the middle, about right is not good enough, because an error is magnified over distance. ‘A little bit out’ can mean a foot out in a garden wall.

Pro Tip: levels get bashed about and lose their accuracy. To make doubly sure, check one way then turn the level around from end-to-end and check again.…

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Dual Flush Toilets in Modern Society

Dual Flush Toilets in Modern Society

Many people fail to realise that toilet flushing is one of the major water usages in the house. If the gallons of water that are used every time you flush are added up, you will be very surprised how much is wasted down the drain every day. If the idea of wasting so much water unsettles you, do not worry as there is something you can do.

The dual flush toilet system is designed to avoid this wastage of water. The system gives you the choice between choosing two different flushes. Thus, the flush for the liquid waste will use a minimal amount of water in comparison to solid waste which will use more.

The reasoning behind it is very straightforward. It is well known that human beings generally produce two types of waste; liquid waste and solid waste. The liquid waste will not need as much water to flush as solid waste will. Therefore, there is no need to use a whole tank of water for liquid waste. This is why the dual system is designed the way it is. It enables you to choose to the more suitable option depending on your situation, and thus you end up saving so much water. Therefore you contribute to the environment in a beneficial way.  Using only half of the water will also reduce your water bill.

What is the actual difference?

In comparing the conventional toilet system with a dual flush system, the reports have indicated that using a dual flush system as opposed to a conventional system can reduce water consumption up to 67%. These reports have pushed some countries to pass laws ensuring  that only dual flush systems are installed in homes. Some countries are suffering particularly hard due to water shortage, thus the dual flush system has become even more essential.

Innovative  designs

Many of the dual flush toilet systems on the market today come in a variety of innovative and classy designs. Many companies are competing to make them look as pleasing as possible as more people start to realise its worth.

Negative aspect with the dual flush system

A point of negativity with this product is that the installation process is rather complicated. Of course, as the installation process is not the same as your average toilet installation, the process becomes rather tricky. Once you have reached your decision to install a dual flush system, contact your professional plumber to install it. This way you get the job done professionally, and risk running into problems later.

In today’s modern society we need to be more environmentally conscious than ever before. It is very easy to forget that our natural resources are dwindling rapidly, and we should all be making more of an effort in order to conserve them as much as possible. Using a dual flush toilet system will help the environment considerably in conserving water. The installation costs may be slightly higher than the average toilet, however it will be worth the extra cost in saving water.…